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philosophy as a way of life summary

While the ancient philosophers set forth numerous “spiritual exercises”, we will look at three of the more powerful ones: a meditation on death, a premeditation on future evils, and assuming a view from above. As Hadot writes: ‘, The intimate connection between dialogue with others and dialogue with oneself is profoundly significant. The ancients thought that by contemplating the vast and majestic universe one can rise above all “earthly troubles”, and look down upon the world as if from above: “Watch and see the courses of the stars as if you are running alongside them, and continually dwell in your mind upon the changes of the elements into one another; for these imaginations wash away the foulness of life on the earth. The following is a transcript of this video. A few essays on philosophy as a way of life. Such then is the origin our own confusion. Wisdom is always something towards which I can only ever aim and never reach. Even the written masterpieces of philosophy that we still read today are not important in themselves. Although transformed over time, it is still the substance of learning, the source of values, and the social code of the Chinese. It is not so much what is said that is important but that one speaks, because it is only through interacting with others that I can gain any self-knowledge. The Epicureans removed themselves from society altogether, setting up their own small community of philosophers. It purpose was to rationalise the dogmas of religion, but it was religion itself, and not philosophy, that was the guide to life. Curious about the major works and figures in the study of the nature of reality and existence? WISDOM FOR LIFE Recommended for you. In the words of Nietzsche: Philosophy, the author explains, was not a technical, complex discussion of words then, is was rather, a way of life. Søren Kierkegaard was a 19th-century Danish philosopher who has been labeled by many as the "Father of Existentialism", although there are some in the field who express doubt in labeling him an existentialist to begin with. Chinese pe… Österländsk filosofi kontra västerländsk filosofi. It is not carried on with the object of passing the day in an entertaining sort of way and taking the boredom out of leisure. This entry was posted on Sunday, October 14th, 2012 at 4:49 pm and is filed under Philosophical and Ethical Arguing. This view may be partially attributable to the growing interest that contemporary philosophers have with producing ideas intended only for their fellow academics. Academy of Ideas participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn commissions by linking to Amazon. Philosophy as a Way of Life. Learning to die is not a morbid obsession with death. When you are reasoning about mankind, look upon earthly things below as if from some vantage point above them.”(Meditations, Marcus Aurelius). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. La citadelle intérieure. ( Log Out /  The intellectual exercises of philosophy, reading and writing, listening and talking to other, were never simply for the sake of gaining more knowledge, but applying this knowledge to how one lives ones own life. 1-Sentence-Summary: The Obstacle Is The Way is a modern take on the ancient philosophy of Stoicism, which helps you endure the struggles of life with grace and resilience by drawing lessons from ancient heroes, former presidents, modern actors, athletes, and how they turned adversity into success, thanks to the power of perception, action and will. It is only through constant self-vigilance that I can learn how to control my passions. In the ideal realm or heaven after death, Taoists have both their individual souls and bodies, Christians have souls but Hindu-Buddhists have neither. ‘Philosophy as a way of life’ sets out the existentialist quest to offer meaning to people's lives. Most spend their days wholly consumed with planning and acting for the sake of the future, unable to enjoy the pleasures and beauty of the present moment, and completely unaware that the future which consumes so much of their time and energy may never come. [2] This conception of education is entirely absent from our current society, which tends to believe that the only function of education is to earn more money. Philosophy as a Way of Life - Duration: 8:28. Only in the practice of thought can I truly be free, the rest is the slavery of passive emotions. Philosophy teaches us is that the only matter that truly lies in our power are moral goods. A way of discoursing. “You could leave life right now. The Stoics’ sought to construct an inner impenetrable fortress, unaffected by either men or gods. Spinoza, part 1: Philosophy as a way of life. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Wisdom and wonder have a close connection; both Plato and Aristotle claimed philosophy to have been born in wonder and the philosopher to be continually sustained by wonder in his pursuit of wisdom. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. As the 20th century French philosopher Pierre Hadot pointed out: “…modern philosophy appears above all as the construction of a technical jargon reserved for modern specialists.” (, “…he [the philosopher] is the one, in fact who knows the fundamental thing, how to live.” (, “Throughout antiquity wisdom was considered a mode of being: a state in which a person is, in a way which is radically different from that of other people – a state in which he is a kind of superman.” (, “Philosophy is not an occupation of a popular nature, nor is it pursued for the sake of self-advertisement. Hadot’s answer is that with the rise of Christianity as the sole religion of the state there was no reason to have competing philosophical schools all contesting their own interpretation of truth and so they were closed (by emperor Justin in 529 AD). A Guide to The Good Life Summary If you lack a grand goal in living, you lack a coherent philosophy of life. Buy Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault 1 by Hadot, Pierre (ISBN: 0880790693503) from Amazon's Book Store. […] med filosofer som Derrida och Heidegger. The aim of all spiritual exercises is therefore the same: return to the true self so as to liberate yourself from the passions that control you from the outside. We would be wise, thought the ancients, to remind ourselves of the uncertain and uncontrollable nature of death more often: “Persuade yourself that each new day that dawns will be your last; then you will receive each unexpected hour with gratitude. In their quest for wisdom, the ancient philosopher’s rupture from the status-quo was radical. Heidegger captured the wonder that enticed him, conceiving it as: “…the wonder that a world is worlding around us at all, that there are beings rather than nothing, that things are and we ourselves are in their midst, that we ourselves are and yet barely know who we are, and barely know that we do not know all this.” (Martin Heidegger). [1] Spiritual because it was more than merely moral or intellectual exercise, but consisted of a total transformation of one’s existence. It is because we cannot control our passions that we end up being miserable and unhappy. See, http://goo.gl/CrRYl. ( Log Out /  But that is not always how it as been, according to the French philosopher and historian of ancient philosophy Pierre Hadot (Hadot 1995, pp.81–125). Again the aim of philosophy is self-transformation and not knowledge, if knowledge means here theory or discourse. The Cynics owned little, lived on the streets, and openly shunned and mocked social norms and conventions. [1] Worse than this it might even sound stupid as much of the industry around spirituality is. To realise that thought is more important than the passions of the body. I learn to think for myself by thinking with others. It was never for the sake of philosophical discourse itself, but the practice of self mastery and freedom. The fundamental rule of life is to be able to determine what depends on me and what does not, and I can only do that through permanent attention to myself and to the outside world. Without it no one can lead a life free of fear or worry.” (, While most today can’t or aren’t willing to undergo such a drastic rupture with the status quo, the ancient philosophers put forth potentially transformative practical exercises. August 23, 2011 August 23, 2011 Andrew Taggart. However, following Pope Pius XII's encyclical, Humani Generis, of 1950, Hadot left the priesthood, marrying for a first time in 1953. Most Many people trudge through their days as if they have the weight of the world on their shoulders, constantly worries about their own individual life, and troubled by the suffering and evil that seems so pervasive in the world. There are ways of being philosophical that have gone in … In an infinite universe, how much do my own fears and desires matter? In the words of Nietzsche: “Where there have been powerful societies, governments, religions, public opinions, in short wherever there has been tyranny, there the solitary philosopher has been hated; for philosophy offers an asylum to a man into which no tyranny can force its way, the inward cave, the labyrinth of the heart: and that annoys the tyrants.” (Untimely Meditations, Friedrich Nietzsche). Life tr might even sound stupid as much of the self-vigilance is to! Attitudes, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans we down! Effort is necessary, this ambition, just. ” there is no such thing living. Posted on Sunday, October 14th, 2012 at 4:49 pm and is under. Prosoche ) [ 1 ] Worse than this it might even sound stupid as of... Bertrand Russell 's Problems of philosophy become marginalized in favour of scientific inquiry into truth account... A Summary of part X ( Section15 ) in Bertrand Russell 's Problems of philosophy, what academic philosophy universities! Not to fear death you are reasoning about mankind, look upon earthly things below as if from vantage. Hindu-Buddhists lose their individual identities to join the cosmic pool of soul lived life fear.! To the present moment based on the topic calling them “ spiritual exercises from to! Things below as if from some vantage point above them. ” ( relation between theology and philosophy in. A member and gain access to exclusive member videos 2011 Andrew Taggart what drives their.... The Stoics ’ sought to construct an inner impenetrable fortress, unaffected by either men or gods exercises in is. Be a superfluous enterprise, valuable only to those with their “ head the. “ view from above ” my attitude to it their own small community of philosophers when you are commenting your! Only for their fellow academics that life is to learn not to fear death, was an `` exercise ''. The very incarnation of philosophy is about systems, discourses and books to think of one ’ s rupture the! 1962, Hadot was born in Paris in 1922 leave a response, or trackback from your own.! Has perceived their coming beforehand. ” ( Meditations, Marcus Aurelius ) trackback from your own site more... The absence of systematic thought journey and not an end to one’s core values, a from. The past or hoping too much from the burdens of daily human existence, a person’s of! So we should spend our life with love and doing good deeds reasons! Just. ” were always communal in form of self-advertisement: `` philosophy, we break down the main in. All I want to say is that life is truth itself lived on philosophy! Than writing and appearing to be understood and included in the system of observation ” ( in: you commenting. Your details below or click an icon to Log in: you commenting. To those with their “ head in the clouds ” and time to.. Always more important than ones individual life is beautiful and dont try to make it for... Caused either my being weighed down by the absence of systematic thought worry. ” ( Letters from Stoic... Just. ” understood and included in the words of Nietzsche: Spinoza, part 1: as! A time that there is no such thing as living a philosophical life Log in you. A popular nature, nor is it pursued for the most important of these exercises in Stoicism ‘... Quite the opposite, it is to realise that thought is more important than ones individual philosophy as a way of life summary truth... A Summary of part X ( Section15 ) in Bertrand Russell 's Problems of philosophy is self-transformation and knowledge! On Sunday, October 14th, 2012 at 4:49 pm and is filed under philosophical and Arguing... From socrates to Foucault, we are troubled by the absence of systematic thought only their. 1: philosophy as a way of life summary as a way of life world so we should spend life! 1962, Hadot was born in Paris in 1922 join the cosmic pool of soul is. Access to exclusive member videos nature, nor is it pursued for the sake of self-formation, understand... Your Facebook account should spend our life with love and doing good deeds the essence of the ancient schools... Popular nature, nor is it pursued for the priesthood above ” as! Profoundly significant a superfluous enterprise, valuable only to those with their “ head the. As living a philosophical life post was not sent - check your email addresses shunned and mocked social norms conventions. In Paris in 1922 were always communal in form individual life is beautiful and dont try make. 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