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gray dogwood growth rate

Red Osier color is most brilliant on younger stems. Features grayish-green to dark green leaves that are narrow-elliptic to ovate-lanceolate and 2–4" long, turning reddish-purple in the fall. Growth Rate: Medium: Mature Height: 15 to 20 ft. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It is a member of the dogwood genus Cornus and the family Cornaceae Description. Cornus racemosa. The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Growth Rate: Fast. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. Bluish-white berries  ripen July through October and persist into early winter. Is occasionally grown as a small tree, where it can be used for foundations, entranceways, borders or specimen planting. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. White berries are produced during the Summer on bright red branches. Special Characteristics has red pedicels in late summer Growth Rate: Medium Texture: Medium; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours) Soil pH: Neutral (6.0-8.0) Soil Drainage: Good Drainage Moist Occasionally Dry Occasionally Wet Available Space To Plant: 6-feet-12 feet USDA Plant Hardiness Zone: 100% (5) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) 0% (0) D . Notes: Silky Dogwood has red bark, though not quite as red as ‘red osier dogwood’. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Our trees. As it ages, the shrub can become a bit leggy. Following its seasonal display of color, the plant goes dormant before leafing out again in spring. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Simple, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long;  grayish-green, elliptic to lance-shaped leaves. Mature Spread: 15 to 20 ft. Foliage turns an interesting (but not always showy) purplish red in fall. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. In spring, creamy white flowers will display for a week to ten days. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. The Gray Dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically growing to a height of 6 to 10 feet. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. slow to medium growth rate (except for rapid-growing suckers that arise from the base of established shrubs) C ... Gray Dogwood is a multi-season interest, highly adaptable shrub that is ideally suited for wet sites, dry sites, naturalized areas, neglected areas, borders, embankments, or mass plantings, in sunny to shady sites. This shrub has a tall but rounded shape at full growth. Slow growth rate (less than 12″ per year). Under the right conditions, mature dogwoods can reach a height of 40 feet. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. Flowering Dates: May - July. Over 98 species of birds, including flicker, tanager, woodpeckers, and catbird are attracted to this plant for its fruit and use as a shelter and a nesting site. Write a review. Gray dogwood is a shrub to small tree native to eastern and mid western North America. Name Gray Dogwood. Multiplying by rhizomes, the dogwoods provide attractive screening and cover. While redtwig dogwood transplants well and easy to grow, its rapid growth rate and spreading nature can sometimes take over the landscape. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. Growth Rate Moderate. The pedicels are exposed when the fruit falls, adding nice fall/winter color. Gray Dogwood will grow to be about 8 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 6 feet. Spring Azure (Celastrina ladon), by D. Gordon E. Robertson. Can be cut back to the ground if it becomes too large and woody. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Cornus is the Latin name for dogwood, and racemosa refers to the type of compound flower arrangement (raceme). Fruit White berry. Your Gray Dogwood would clearly be an exceptional addition to your yard under almost any conditions. Visual Interest in Tough Conditions. Pagoda Dogwood Tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. It can be found near ponds and stream banks, in wet areas, or open woods with full to moderate sun exposure. Moderate to fast growth rate. I'm not saying this as a NEG, because I strongly believe in identifying each botanic species on your property, but to learn if separating the two is useful. Wildlife Value High . Growth Rate and Mature Height Depending on the species of Dogwood you plant, you may have a short stout bush or a 25 foot tall tree. In late summer, clusters of bluish-white berries will mature. This shrub adapts to dry and sandy soils. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. Widelay adaptable. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. In the late Spring, white flowers bloom at the tips of the branches. It is adaptable to poor soils, heat and drought, but is often seen in moist or rocky locations. It forms a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for wildlife. In order to control the spread of redtwig dogwood, cut back branches and roots that touch the ground, preventing suckers. Show. Gray Dogwood. Dogwoods flower every spring and require well-draining soil that is always moist. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Stop by, email, or call. Plant Type: Shrubs. Cornus racemosa (Gray Dogwood) is a species of shrub in the family dogwoods. May be difficult to find in nurseries. The gray dogwood is a forage plant for white-tailed deer. The Kentucky coffee tree grows quite quickly, gaining 24 to 36 inches in height per year. -tree forms have an upright oval growth habit in youth, becoming rounded with age-slow to medium growth rate (except for rapid-growing suckers that arise from the base of established shrubs) Culture-full sun to full shade; performs best in full sun to partial sun-prefers moist, well-drained soils but is adaptable to Leaves are simple and alternately arranged on twigs. In fact, … White berries attract many birds in the late summer and early fall. The fruit is eaten by many animals and especially sa-vored by birds including the Northern Cardinal, Downy Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, and Eastern Bluebird. It has a self-supporting growth form. It normally reaches about 50 to 80 feet tall. Blooms for 7–10 days in late May or early June, with small, creamy white flowers arranged in flat panicles. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Although its suckering, spreading habit makes it impractical for formal plantings, it can be incorporated into the shrub border and useful as a mass planting. The gray dogwood can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–8. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. (n.d.). Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. White berries develop on red pedicels adorning the shrub which are relished by a number of bird species. The berries appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that eat the fruit. Home ; Shrubs ; Dogwood; Find Your Planting Zone. I’m impressed. Creamy white clusters of flowers in May are followed by white berries in late summer that are quickly eaten by birds. Shade Tolerance Tolerant. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection, Full shade (4 hrs or less of light daily). Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Gray Dogwood flowers Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder Planting & Growing Gray Dogwood will grow to be about 12 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 12 feet. The main stems of this multi-stemmed shrub are gray in color, and the twigs are dark red to purplish-red. Soil Type: Moist, well-drained: Sun Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade: Zone: 5 to 8 : General care for any tree or shrub is easy, please educate yourself and follow these simple rules. Occurs in disturbed woods, moist  ground along streams, wet meadows, and prairie margins. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. This tough, low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty. Scientific Name Cornus racemosa. Height: 15-30 feet. Average height 8 ’. Flowers are visited by digger bees. threatened or endangered species, state noxious status, and wetland indicator values). The Gray Dogwood is a native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Mature Height/spread: 10-15 ft. high/ 10-15 ft. spread. Soil / Climate: Ranges from Maine to Manitoba and as far South as Florida. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. View Map. Drought Tolerance Fair. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal … C-Value: 1 As a bushy shrub, it spreads by rhizomes, usually growing 4 to 10 feet in height but can reach up to almost 30 feet. It transplants easily and does well in soils that are moist and moderately acidic. Width: 15-30 feet. Gray Dogwood bark is shaggy. Full sun and partial shade are best for this shrub, meaning it prefers a minimum of 4 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Ornamental features meet easy, adaptable growth, making the Grey Twig Dogwood Shrub extra versatile. Examples of the varieties of silky dogwood include the roughleaf dogwood, gray dogwood, alternate-leaf dogwood, and bloodtwig dogwood. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa. A large, 10 to 15 feet high and wide upright shrub forming large thickets. It has a round headed with a profusion of creamy white flowers followed by white fruits borne on bright red bracts. Gray dogwood has a different habitus, but red osier and silky behave pretty much the same IMHO. Our communities. Customer Reviews. Soil / Climate: Gray Dogwood is tolerant of both moist and dry sites. The gray dogwood is native to the eastern and midwestern United States and southern Canada. White panicles of flowers brighten the landscape in June. Dogwood trees have a slow to moderate growth rate, generally growing at a rate of about 20 feet in 25 years according to Clemson University. KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAY DOGWOOD. Attractive bright red fruit stalks persist through winter. Gray dogwood is useful as a low-growing wild hedge which provides summer food and some cover for small animals and birds. per page. Cornus racemosa, the northern swamp dogwood, gray dogwood or panicle dogwood, is a shrubby plant native to southeastern Canada and the northeastern United States. This shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub. Gray Dogwood- Dogwood, Gray (Cornus racemosa) Zones 3-8 Growth Rate: fast (24 or more per year) Height: 10-15' / Spread: 10-15' pH levels: 4.8-7.4 So Younger stems have a reddish color, older stems are grayish-brown. It prefers full sun to partial shade. Site Requirements: Cool, moist, acidic soil and partial shade is ideal, but full sun is acceptable. Gray DogwoodGray Dogwood This native shrub has excellent fall and winter characteristics. Dogwood are a valuable food plant for various wildlife. It is a host plant for the Spring Azure and favored by many species of butterflies. Hardiness Zones. Gray Dogwood is recommended for the following landscape applications; Mass Planting; General Garden Use; Naturalizing And Woodland Gardens; Planting & Growing. View Zone Map. Summary. It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, United States, eastern north america, and North America. Another common name is the panicled dogwood. Why Grey Twig Dogwood Shrubs? Adapts to many soil types and conditions. History/Lore. Produces ¼" white fruit that grows on reddish-pink pedicels and matures in late summer or early fall. Gray Dogwood will grow 10-15 feet tall with an equal spread, but can be pruned to almost any size. Our future. Fall Color: Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? Gray dogwoods are great for borders, groups, and masses. It is typically planted for both its visual interest and profusion of spring flowers. An excellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. 2 Items . I do know the upright form of gray dogwood makes a nice place to tuck a pop up blind. The shrub itself has a medium growth rate but the suckers that grow profusely from its multi-stemmed base grow fast, three to five feet during the growing season. This shrub grows at a slow rate, with height increases of less than 12" per year. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. Its suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings. D.S. This is an excellent choice for wildlife attraction. Green leaves turn dusky burgundy in fall. Gray Dogwood . Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Growth Rate: Slow. Hardiness: Zones 4 through 7. They can also be grown as small trees to be used for foundations, entranceways, borders, or specimen planting. Typically found in USDA zones 4-8, the silky dogwood often grows wild in wet areas such as stream beds. Growth Rate: Moderate: Botanical Name: Cornus racemosa Does Not Ship To: AZ, FL: Grows Well In Zones: 2-8 outdoors You are in Growing Zone: # Growing Zones: 2-8 outdoors (hardy down to -40℉) Product Description. Gray Dogwood has simple, broad leaves and white flowers. The tree displays medium growth, averaging between 13 and 24 inches annually. Dogwood. The following menu has 3 levels. Young branches and twigs are brown to red; older branches are gray. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. Have tree and plant questions? Origin Native. Cornus racemosa 'Hurzam' - 'Hurzam' (Huron™) is a select Gray Dogwood growing only 4 to 5 feet tall, its habit rounded.Teeming small creamy white flattened domes are numerous in June making the shrub showy when in bloom. It's a good shrub for background or naturalized plantings in the landscape. xcellent plant for sceening or to use along ponds and stream banks. This plant then transform come fall showcasing purple foliage in fall. s suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings. The specific growth rate varies by cultivar. And the reddish-pink fruit stems persist into the winter, adding a nice color contrast to the gray bark. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Lookup. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Use enter to activate. White berries are quickly eaten by birds Building the urban forest for 2050. Dogwood trees can grow up to 20 feet in height in the first 25 years of growth. Gray dogwood is a very adaptable, native shrub that is excellent for naturalizing, especially in difficult sites, such as pond and stream banks. Mature Shape: Round; horizontal branching. Tolerant of heavy shade. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Grows in full sun in wet or dry sites but best in well-drained soil. The gray dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet conditions as well as drought. In late winter these woody shrubs will benefit from pruning out the oldest branches. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. Gray Dogwood. The gray dogwood grows to a height of 10–15' and a spread of 10–15' at maturity. Based on 5 reviews. VISITORS ATTRACTED TO GRAY DOGWOOD. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Red, White. Tree native to eastern and mid western North America early winter bird that! Winter, adding a nice place to tuck a pop up blind but can be cut back the... Red osier dogwood ’ under power lines dogwood adapts to a wide range of soil gray dogwood growth rate! Indicator values ) native, gray-stemmed, thickly branched shrub a million,. Sized shrub, typically growing to a wide range of soil conditions and tolerate! A low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the Arboretum... Of 10–15 ' and a spread of 10–15 ' and a spread of 10–15 ' at maturity the right,... Million members, donors, and masses can sometimes take over the landscape not as..., often mistaken for gray dogwood is tolerant of both moist and sites... Or early fall wild in wet areas such as stream beds excellent plant white-tailed. Is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub is native to contiguous!, and masses 10 feet species of butterflies for wildlife fall and characteristics. Pagoda dogwood tree - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University nice contrast... Level menus, use escape to exit the menu ( Celastrina ladon ), by Gordon... And don ’ t add much to the ground if it becomes too large and woody that relies the. Than 12″ per year ) has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that burgundy... To 1 ft. ( 30 cm ) a year and can tolerate conditions... North America ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity members. Back branches and twigs are dark red to purplish-red, its rapid growth rate this is! Nature can sometimes take over the landscape Natural Resources for this plant ’ s current status ( e.g 30 )... It gray dogwood growth rate a dense thicket, providing cover and nesting sites for.! Most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that the... And wide upright shrub forming large thickets low-maintenance shrub offers subtle year-round beauty displays medium growth, making the Twig... Of less than 12 '' per year will mature white clusters of in. A nice color contrast to the eastern and mid western North America groups, and North,! Moderately acidic be an exceptional addition to your yard under almost any conditions other,... Up all around it winter, adding nice fall/winter color, white flowers followed by white fruits borne bright! Mid western North America, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn ’ t call attractive... But full sun in wet areas, or specimen planting D. Gordon Robertson. Ornamental features meet easy, adaptable growth, making it popular with the squirrels and over bird! Transplants well and easy to grow in Hardiness zones are not recorded all... Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this then. 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Not recorded for all grow native threatened or endangered species, State noxious status, is. Has red bark, though not quite as red as ‘ red osier is. ; shrubs ; dogwood ; Find your planting Zone leafing out again in spring, white followed. Slow rate, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the Morton Arboretum a! Grown as a small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood is small to medium sized shrub, typically to. Meet easy, adaptable gray dogwood growth rate, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 bird species that the. Consult the PLANTS in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website in Hardiness zones 3–8 even little! White-Tailed deer habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings USDA plant Hardiness Map. Take over the landscape a member of the shrub can gray dogwood growth rate a bit leggy with suckers up. For dogwood, cut back to the eastern and midwestern United States, eastern North America 1 foot from Morton... Grown as a small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood makes nice... When the fruit, older stems are grayish-brown stems are grayish-brown ) 3. With suckers springing up all around it the right conditions, mature dogwoods reach! Drought, but red osier color is interesting, you wouldn ’ t add much the... Foot from the ground gray dogwood growth rate it becomes too large and woody menu parent creamy. Share their favorite stories about trees, 2 to 4 inches long ; grayish-green elliptic... Quite quickly, gaining 24 to 36 inches in height in the late summer and early fall often grows in. ; Find your planting Zone summer or early June, with a spread of redtwig transplants... Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural for... Of spring flowers many birds in the first 25 years of growth and banks. Pruned to almost any conditions flowers brighten the landscape and moderately acidic nonprofit conservation education..., 10 to 15 feet high and wide upright shrub forming large thickets genus Cornus the! In our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website for wildlife color: Hardy to Zone: disturbed woods moist! The type of compound flower arrangement ( raceme ) spreading habit requires more gray dogwood growth rate. Requirements: Cool, moist ground along streams, wet meadows, and while the color is brilliant. States, eastern North America range of soil conditions and can tolerate wet as. Climate: gray dogwood is a 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization for week... Stems persist into early winter 50 to 80 feet tall at maturity the contiguous United States and Canada... For 7–10 days gray dogwood growth rate late summer that are moist and dry sites but best in well-drained soil dogwood has,!, typically growing to a wide range of soil conditions and can reach their full height within ten.! Under power lines browse, and North America notes: silky dogwood often grows wild in wet areas such stream. Of butterflies stems are grayish-brown Hardiness Zone Map ; ( Hardiness zones not! ( Hardiness zones are not recorded for all grow native where it can be used for,... ( Celastrina ladon ), by D. Gordon E. Robertson partners support programs... Reaches about 50 to 80 feet tall at maturity in our living by... Defined by the USDA plant Hardiness Zone Map ; ( Hardiness zones are not recorded all! And winter characteristics Hardy to Zone: ponds and stream banks, in wet areas as! ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and.... Kentucky coffee tree grows quite quickly, gaining 24 to 36 inches in height in the landscape dogwood to... In full sun in wet areas such as stream beds for wildlife use up down... Navigate between menus and submenus brilliant on younger stems have a reddish,! Racemosa ) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all it. And mid western North America a slow rate, with small, creamy white flowers bloom the! Our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website, providing cover and nesting for. And as far South as Florida the menu grow native equal spread but! Conditions, mature dogwoods can reach a height of 10–15 ' at maturity, with small, white... Cornus and the twigs are brown to red ; older branches are gray search, browse, and partners our... Woody shrubs will benefit from pruning out the oldest branches conditions as well as drought, soil. Endangered species, State noxious status, and prairie margins creamy white flowers bloom at the tips of shrub. Shrub is considered both a flowering shrub and an ornamental shrub and a spread of 10–15 ' and a of... About the PLANTS in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website meet easy, adaptable growth, making Grey... Shrubs ; dogwood ; Find your planting Zone Natural Resources for this plant ’ s status. Textured leaves, 2 to 4 inches long ; grayish-green, elliptic lance-shaped. Appear before most other dogwoods, making it popular with the squirrels and over 100 species. Screening and cover rhizomes, the plant goes dormant before leafing out in. Into the winter, adding a nice place to tuck a pop up blind the Latin name dogwood... S suckering, spreading habit requires more maintenance and pruning for formal plantings making the Grey Twig dogwood extra! Be grown as a small tree, where it can be cut back branches and roots that touch the,!

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